Q1. Dexamethasone is a drug used to contain the secretion of ACTH from the anterior pituitary gland. Two patients with hypersecretion of cortisol are given dexamethasone. Anika’s cortisol secretion level falls to normal after the medication, but Bonnie’s cortisol secretion remains elevated. Which patient has primary hypercortisolism, also called Cushing’s syndrome?
Q2. It is estimated that between 250 and 550 million cases of malaria occur in developing countries each year (World Health Organization, 2009). Of these cases one million die with 90 percent of the deaths occurring in children under the age of 5 years. If you compute this, 2700 children die from malaria each day. How is this possible?