Solution-What portion of the brain controls respiration


Part 1- Anatomy and Physiology

1. Which one of the following is a strong, narrow cord of fibrous tissue that attaches muscle to bone?
A. Tendon
B. Ligament
C. Phalanx
D. Fascia

2. The _______ is responsible for closing the airway to the lungs when one swallows.
A. pharynx
B. epiglottis
C. larynx
D. glottis

3. Which one of the following statements about colds is false?
A. Colds result from contact with other affected people.
B. Colds are caused by bacteria.
C. Chicken soup and antibiotics work equally well as treatment for colds.
D. There’s no immunity to colds.

4. The cardiovascular system consists of
A. blood, blood vessels, and the heart.
B. blood, blood vessels, the heart, lymph, lymph vessels, and lymphatic tissues.
C. the heart, blood vessels, and lymph vessels.
D. the heart and coronary arteries.

5. The most complicated part of the brain is the
A. brain stem.
B. cerebellum.
C. thalamus.
D. cerebrum.

6. The inner ear works with which brain structure to maintain equilibrium and balance?
A. Medulla oblongata
B. Hypothalamus
C. Pons
D. Cerebellum

7. What is blood serum?
A. Plasma with a clotting factor removed
B. Fluid remaining after plasma is removed from whole blood
C. Clear, yellowish fluid in which blood cells are suspended
D. Whole blood

8. The _______, which is situated beneath the pharynx, is responsible for producing vocal sounds.
A. thalamus
B. epiglottis
C. larynx
D. tongue

9. In osteoporosis, the bones are soft and weak because
A. there’s infection of the bone marrow.
B. old tissue isn’t replaced quickly enough.
C. the dead bone separates from the good bone.
D. there’s too much calcium and phosphorus.

10. What is bradycardia?
A. Pain referred to the arm during a heart attack
B. A blood vessel conveying blood to the arm
C. Abnormally rapid heartbeat
D. Abnormally slow heartbeat

11. All of the following are factors in upper respiratory diseases except
A. allergens.
B. lowered body temperature.
C. viruses.
D. bacteria.

12. The condition often called the “silent killer” is also known as
A. hypertension.
B. arteriosclerosis.
C. coronary artery disease.
D. anemia.

13. Which of the following are degenerative illnesses?
A. Chondrodynia and sternotomy
B. Rheumatoid arthritis and muscular dystrophy
C. Cardiac arrest and pulmonary thrombosis
D. Dehydration and polydipsia

14. Which of the following represents average blood pressure?
A. 80/120
B. 100/60
C. Between 60 and 100
D. 120/80

15. What portion of the brain controls respiration?
A. Medulla oblongata
B. Pituitary gland
C. Midbrain
D. Cerebellum

16. The period of relaxation in the cardiac cycle is
A. depolarization.
B. diastole.
C. asystole.
D. systole.

17. Which of the following statements is not correct?
A. Sensory nerves are efferent nerves.
B. Nerves are made of sensory and/or motor fibers.
C. The medulla oblongata connects the spinal cord to the rest of the brain.
D. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves.

18. Which term indicates a “true” heart attack?
A. Myocardial infarction
B. Congestive heart failure
C. Cardiac arrest
D. Angina pectoris

19. Bronchogenic carcinoma is cancer of the
A. brain.
B. lungs.
C. throat.
D. skin.

20. Which of the following choices is a common symptom of anemia?
A. Fatigue
B. Fever
C. Swollen lymph nodes
D. Sore throat

Part 2- Medical Terminology

1. The meaning of analysis is
A. absence of whole.
B. to dissect.
C. a cutting apart.
D. a separating into parts.

2. Which one of the following choices is a combining form, not a prefix or suffix?

3. Which one of the following prefixes means “through”?
A. “Pro”
B. “Peri”
C. “Pre”
D. “Per”

4. Which one of the following choices would be the ending of a term indicating the surgical removal of a body part?
A. “Ectomy”
B. “Cision”
C. “Itis”
D. “Osis”

5. Individuals with high blood pressure are often prescribed _______ by their physicians.
A. hypoglycemics
B. hypolipidemics
C. antihyperlipidemics
D. antihypertensives

6. The organs of the abdominal cavity are called
A. viscera.
B. mediastinal.
C. pleural.
D. fascia.

7. _______ are often used to prevent nausea and vomiting.
A. Keratolytics
B. Antitussives
C. Antihistamines
D. Antiemetics

8. _______ are typically used to block pain.
A. Anesthetics
B. Antipruritics
C. Anticoagulants
D. Analgesics

9. A patient lying horizontally on his or her belly is in the _______ position.
A. prone
B. laterally recumbent
C. recumbent
D. supine

10. Your little toe is _______ to your torso.
A. proximal
B. lateral
C. superior
D. medial

11. Which one of the following choices best describes a cell?
A. A specialized body part composed of tissues
B. Any complex living being, plant or animal
C. The smallest “living” structure in the body
D. A structure in the cytoplasm

12. The pelvic cavity houses the
A. brain and pituitary gland.
B. urinary and reproductive organs.
C. heart and lungs.
D. major organs of digestion.

13. In medical terminology, a _______ generally turns a word into a diagnosis or medical procedure.
A. root
B. suffix
C. prefix
D. combining form

14. Which one of the following words is related to the axial skeleton?
A. Brachial
B. Metacarpal
C. Patella
D. Cranium

15. A physician whose specialty is to diagnose and treat diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles is called a/an
A. gerontologist.
B. oncologist.
C. orthopedist.
D. chiropractor.

16. The word parts -ac, -al, -ary, and -ic are all
A. prefixes that function as prepositions.
B. adjective suffixes meaning “pertaining to.”
C. noun suffixes indicating procedures.
D. pseudosuffixes formed from roots.

17. The correct order for analyzing the parts of medical terms is
A. prefix, root, suffix.
B. root, suffix, prefix.
C. suffix, root, prefix.
D. suffix, prefix, root.

18. The _______ is an axial body part.
A. phalanx
B. neck
C. carpus
D. tarsus

19. What is the prefix meaning “excessive, above”?
20. Which one of the following suffixes means “inflammation”?

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